Category Archives: Textile terms

Bi-Weekly TEXTILE TERMS

In this post, we introduce you to the fundamental unit comprising a YARN which was described in a post on 3 May ’13 (Textile Terms category).

Apologies for the late post as I was out of the country for production quality checks.

FIBER:     STAPLE / FILAMENT

Fibers - Filament and Staple

Fibers - BCF and Staple

FIBER

– tiny hairlike strands out of which yarn and then fabric are created
Whether it is a STAPLE or a FILAMENT is characterized by flexibility, quality and ratio of length to thickness
 

STAPLE

– limited or short length
 
– Natural:  
             ->  ranges from a few millimeters (ex. cotton linters which can be up to 2 1/2″) up to about a meter (ex. bast/plant)
             -> biodegradable over time
 
– Man Made:
              -> produced in similar length range, cut from extruded filaments into lengths  for subsequent processing or end use
 

FILAMENT

– fiber of indefinite length
        Ex. a single unit extruded by a silk worm
– yarns of one or more filaments are referred to as Multifilament
 
 
More photos:

Fiber's cross-sectional shapes (1of2)

Fiber's cross-sectional shapes (2of2)

Intro to Bi-Weekly TEXTILE TERMS

As of this month, we start to introduce you to the language of fabrics.

A textile term will be posted bi-weekly with the definition (on the 1st of the month) and a more indepth description (2 weeks later on a same week day).  Wherever possible, the definition will be simplified without compromising its technical accuracy.

We hope that you will benefit with the terms in your fashion pursuit whether career wise or personal.

YARN

Group of fibers or filaments that are interlocked together to form a long continuous strand.
 
Come as thread and as yarns used for sewing garments.
 
– Either natural or man-made, most commonly:
                  Natural:
                               wool, silk . . (animal – slightly elastic, breathable, warm)
                               cotton . . . . . (less elastic, stronger)                               
                               hemp . . . . . .(plant)
                       – can shrink, stain, etc. but also easy to dye
                  Man-made:      
                               polyester, nylon . . 
                       – can be stronger than natural yarns.
 
– May be finished with wax or alternative coatings allowing for durability during sewing process and during its’ wear and tear in garment
 
– S and Z twist yarn:
 
 
Photos of yarns:
 Yarn twists _ DID
 
Kitten playing with Yarn _ DIDThread yarn _ DID