In this post, we introduce you to the fundamental unit comprising a YARN which was described in a post on 3 May ’13 (Textile Terms category).
Apologies for the late post as I was out of the country for production quality checks.
FIBER: STAPLE / FILAMENT
FIBER– tiny hairlike strands out of which yarn and then fabric are created Whether it is a STAPLE or a FILAMENT is characterized by flexibility, quality and ratio of length to thickness
STAPLE– limited or short length – Natural: -> ranges from a few millimeters (ex. cotton linters which can be up to 2 1/2″) up to about a meter (ex. bast/plant) -> biodegradable over time – Man Made: -> produced in similar length range, cut from extruded filaments into lengths for subsequent processing or end use
FILAMENT– fiber of indefinite length Ex. a single unit extruded by a silk worm – yarns of one or more filaments are referred to as Multifilament More photos: